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Forecast models daily run by CLIM lab of ENEA SSPT-MET

Our lab routinely runs two forecast models: MITO and WAVES


Mediterranean + Black Sea circulation forecasts

Velocity, temperature and salinity forecast are computed for the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea system.

mito domain

MITO is based on the hydrostatic version of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology general circulation model (MITgcm). 100 vertical levels are prescribed, while the horizontal grid has a uniform resolution of 1/48° (about 2km) over most of the domain, except in three regions where higher resolution is implemented to correctly resolve local dynamics:

  • the Strait of Gibraltar, where the grid is locally stretched reaching a maximum resolution of 1/800° (about 120 m),
  • the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, where the resolution smoothly increases in the latitudinal and longitudinal directions, allowing for a maximum resolution of 1/250° (about 380 m).
stretched mito domain


Mediterranean wave forecast

Significant wave height, mean wave period and wave energy forecast are computed over the whole Mediterranean Sea and ten sub-basins.

The wave model WAM is used at a uniform spatial resolution of 1/32°, corresponding to about 3.6 km and delivers daily forecasts covering five days. Hourly maps are made available through the website.

Higher resolution forecasts (resolution of 1/128°, about 900 m) are performed using the SWAN model, in the following areas around the Italian coast: Western Sardinia, Pantelleria Island, Lampedusa Island, Northwestern Sicily, Civitavecchia, Gulf of La Spezia, Elba Island, Gulf of Naples, Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Sea and Messina Strait.



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